Common Conditions and Surgery

Orthopedic conditions, such as arthritis or tendonitis, affect the muscles, bones or joints of the musculoskeletal system. They can cause pain and make every day functional tasks very difficult, which could be sport, work or walking. Some orthopaedic conditions occur over time due to age related changes or suddenly as an unfortunate event of an accident that has caused injury. Chronic musculoskeletal conditions, unlike trauma, tend to be progressive in nature, starting slowly and possibly getting worse over time. The cause of a chronic condition may due to one or many factors including genetic, age, or they may be due to overuse with repetitive movement and loading of muscles and joints. 

Some of the common orthopaedic conditions the service treats are:

  • Arthritis, cartilage damage and joint replacements
  • Fractures of bones, for example:
    • Hip fracture following a fall
    • Broken tibia following a football injury
  • Sports injuries including:
    • Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
    • Quad tendon repair
    • Hamstring tear

 Some more specific examples of conditions we treat are:

  • Neck conditions such as:
    • Cervical spondylosis
    • Soft tissue strain or sprain
  • Common shoulder problems including:
    • Frozen shoulder
    • Rotator cuff tear
    • SLAP lesion
  • Elbow, wrist and Hand conditions, for example:
    • Golfer’s elbow or Tennis elbow
    • Dupuytren's contracture
    • Trigger finger
    • Joint osteoarthritis
  • Back pain or spinal conditions such as:
    • Slipped disc
    • Low back pain
    • Spinal kyphosis or scoliosis
  • Foot problems including:
    • Bunions
    • Plantar fasciitis
    • Tendon repairs
  • Paediatric conditions
    • Talipes or club foot
    • Flat feet
    • Perthes’ disease
    • Soft tissues injuries
    • Bony injuries
    • Growth related musculoskeletal problems


For further information on orthopaedic conditions, Please refer to the NHS Choices conditions A-Z conditions: